绿色氢生产: Electrolyzer Markets 2021-2031: IDTechEx

2031年亿元市场,2021-2031中的48%CAGR

绿色氢生产: Electrolyzer Markets 2021-2031

碱性(AWE),PEM(PEMEL)和固体氧化物(SOEL)电解槽系统的技术经济分析,具有主要的市场运动员和未来的绿色氢气生产趋势。


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The development of the hydrogen economy seems to have started. With increasing installations of hydrogen systems in 2019 and 2020, the hydrogen economy began with the most essential technology for its development: the adoption of electrolyzer systems.
From the announcement of multi billion investment in the hydrogen sector, and the growing adoption of national hydrogen plans, particularly in Europe, IDTechEx identify hydrogen and particularly the electrolyzers market as a fast-growing scenario.
Beginning with the necessity of hydrogen technologies, in the 'Green Hydrogen Production: Electrolyzer Markets 2021-2031' report, IDTechEx started to analyse the actual necessity of the so-called hydrogen economy, providing a comparison with battery solutions. Following with an explanation of the European EU-ETS carbon pricing method, its effectiveness and comparison with other existing carbon taxes is shown. Although restrictions to CO2排放必须由不同的行业实现,实现这一目标,必须进行绿色技术的采用/整合。
To understand how the electrolyzer market will evolve, in the report the main end-users of hydrogen have been investigated, and following the trends analysed.
A deep dive into the different electrolyzer systems is then provided, where differences between the three main electrolyzer systems are provided, in terms of working mechanism, employed materials, system performance, and – a key parameter IDTechEx's view – the different degradation processes taking place.
采用材料允许读者understand which possible OEMs and eventual technical improvements are possible. Coupled with the company profiles performed by IDTechEx, a complete vision of the electrolyzer market is obtained. On the other end, the different degradation processes taking place in the different components of each electrolyzer, show the reader the technical limits and hence future application of the electrolyzer systems.
With the current state of development, the market is populated with three electrolyzers: alkaline water electrolyzer (AWE), proton exchange membrane electrolyzer (PEMEL), and solid oxide electrolyzers (SOEL), although only the first two are actively commercialised. All three devices employ electricity to split the water molecules into H2 and O2, and differences among the three technologies are given by the ions exchanged between the two electrodes (OH-, H+, and O= for AWE, PEMEL, and SOEL respectively) which involve the adoption of different electrolytes and materials. Different mechanisms and materials directly impact the performance and properties of each of the three electrolyzers.
The AWE systems are the older and most adopted at industrial scale, with first installations occurring in the 1920s. PEMEL devices come from the improvement of PEM fuel cells. The first installations of PEMEL systems were recorded in the 2000s.
The latest and youngest technology, SOEL systems are currently approaching the market. Besides the different ion exchange by the device, this system operates at higher temperature (600-850 Celsius) than PEM or AEL device (both ranging between 50 and 90 Celsius). The higher working operation of this system, although requiring resistant materials and expensive fabrication processes, prevent the utilisation of expensive catalysts, facilitating the decomposition of water molecules, but also allowing the adoption of other fuels, such as CO2和water vapour, obtaining another important industrial gas feedstock: syngas (CO + H2)。
The electrolyzer market is currently split between the two older technologies: alkaline and proton exchange membrane. The early stage of the SOEL technology is slowly approaching the market.
In the final part of the report, the efficiency calculation of commercialised systems has been performed, showing the reader a comparison of PEMEL and AWE systems. From the analysis performed, IDTechEx outlined the future trends of adoption of the main electrolyzer types.
In conclusion, given the detailed investigation IDTechEx performed to understand the current evolution of the electrolyzer market, the latest developments regarding the largest electrolyzer manufacturers are provided. These case studies are clear examples of how the electrolyte manufacturers are approaching the market.
The outcome of the techno-economic investigation provided by the report is a market forecast regarding the amount of electrolyzer systems in MW installed, together with an estimation of the market value.
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Table of Contents
1。 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1。1。 新的氢炒作需要经济支持
1.2。 主要氢users and future adopters
1.3。 Electrolyzer Systems Overview
1.4。 Electrolyzer systems comparison - Operating parameters
1.5。 PEMEL-AWE Efficiency trend
1.6。 PROS and CONS of AWE and PEMEL systems
1.7。 袜子系统:敬畏的替代品?
1.8。 Electrolyzer Market Overview
1.9。 Hydrogen companies in the world
1。10. Global electrolyzer players
1。11. Downstream electrolyzer component vendors
1。12. Electrolyzer Market Forecast 2021-2031
1.13。 Forecast Assumption
1.14。 电解柜市场的未来趋势
2。 介绍
2。1。1。 Introduction to hydrogen and electrolyzer systems
2.2。 氢经济
2.2。1。 什么是氢经济?
2.2.2。 氢经济:概述
2.2.3。 Have we found the Chicken and the Egg?
2.2.4。 How Green H2 production will increase RES installations
2.2.5。 Hydrogen Economy Development Issues
2.2.6。 Why not a "Battery Economy"?
2.2.7。 What about BEV and FCEV?
2.2.8。 BEV and FCEV Efficiency Comparison
2.2.9。 When we will see the hydrogen economy
2.3。 Carbon Pricing
2.3.1。 Where will the hydrogen economy begin?
2.3.2。 Carbon pricing
2.3.3。 Carbon pricing across the world
2.3.4。 Challenges with carbon pricing
2.3.5。 Carbon pricing in the European Union
2.3.6。 Has the EU ETS had an impact?
2.3.7。 CO2 cost impact on Steel industry
2.3.8。 CO2 emissions comparison
2.4。 Hydrogen End Users
2.4.1。 Hydrogen End Users Analysis
2.4.2。 IDTechEx Hydrogen consumption forecast: Ammonia
2.4.3。 亚博体育IDTechex氢消费预测:炼油厂
2.4.4。 IDTechEx Hydrogen consumption forecast: Methanol
2.4.5。 亚博体育IDTechex氢消费预测:钢
2.4.6。 Hydrogen adoption in steel production: Overview
2.4。7. Steel production processes
2.4。8. Green hydrogen for steel making industry
2.4。9. CO2 emissions comparison
2.4.10。 绿钢项目:
2.4。11. 氨生产氢
2.4。12. Ammonia: 'The dark side of Hydrogen'
2.4。13. Hydrogen application in refinery process
2.4。14. 气体混合
2.4。15. Hydrogen Applications
3. ELECTROLYZER TECHNOLOGIES
3.1.1. 电解器介绍
3.1.2. PROS and CONS of AWE and PEMEL systems
3.1.3. 袜子系统:替代敬畏?
3.1.4. 氢的颜色
3.1.5。 氢生产方法
3.1.6. 氢生产方法: Steam Reforming (SMR)
3.1.7. 氢生产方法: Partial Oxidation (POX)
3.1.8. 氢生产方法: Autothermal Reforming (ATR)
3.2。 碱性水电解柜(敬畏)
3.2。1。 Alkaline Electrolyzer: Overview
3.2.2。 AWE电解器系统:材料,细节
3.2。3. Alkaline Electrolyzer: Cathode Reaction
3.2。4. 碱性电解器:阴极材料(她)
3.2。5. Alkaline Electrolyzer: Anode Reaction (OER)
3.2。6. AWE Anode-Cathode summary
3.2。7. Alkaline and Anion Exchange Membrane Electrolyzers
3.2。8. AWE系统 - '零间隙'配置优势
3.2。9. AWE隔膜特性
3.2。10. AWE: Spacer and Electrolyte
3.2.11。 AWE:膜电极组件(MEA)
3.2。12. AEMWE Overview
3.2.13。 Commercial AEM electrolyte and cell performances
3.2.14。 Large scale AWE system
3.2。15. 艾尔供应链
3.2.16。 质子交换膜电解槽(Pemel)
3.2。17. Overview
3.2。18. PEM电解槽系统:材料,细节
3.2.19。 Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolyzer
3.2。20. Three Phase Boundary and Proton Exchange Membrane
3.2。21. PEMEL Working Mechanism
3.2。22. PEMEL stack and components
3.2。23. 电解槽系统:防喷器和堆栈
3.2。24. OER Electrocatalyst
3.2.25。 HER Electrocatalyst
3.2.26。 Electrocatalyst Degradation Aspects
3.2。27. PEMEL Membrane: Overview
3.2.28。 膜降解问题
3.2。29. Membrane degradation processes
3.2。30. Current Collectors (CCs)
3.2。31. Bipolar Plates (BPs)
3.2。32. Bipolar Plates Materials
3.2。33. 钛业BP缺点
3.2。34. PEMEL技术概述
3.2.35。 Pemel成本崩溃
3.2。36. PEMEL Supply chain
3.3。 Solid Oxide Electrolyzer (SOEL)
3.3。1。 Solid Oxide Electrolyzer (SOEL)
3.3。2。 Overview
3.3。3. Solid Oxide Electrolyzer: Overview
3.3。4. Reversible - SOFC
3.3。5. Solid Oxide Electrolyzer: Solid Electrolyte
3.3。6. 固体氧化物电解槽:电极
3.3。7. SOEL Electrolyzers systems: Materials, Specifics
3.3。8. SOEL Market
3.3.9。 袜供应链
4. 电解柜市场分析
4.1。 电解柜制造商:概述
4.2。 市场概况
4.3. Dynamic Operation Property
4.4. 欧洲正在领导氢气市场
4.5. Hydrogen projects in Europe
4.6. Hydrogen related projects
4.7. Comparison of electrolyzer systems - Materials
4.8. Electrolyzer systems comparison - Operating parameters
4.9. Downstream electrolyzers component vendors
4.10. Global electrolyzer players
4.11. Market Addressed by EL manufacturer
4.12. Companies Interviewed by IDTechEx
4.13. Commercialised electrolyzer efficiency comparison
4.14. Electrolyzers efficiency charts
4.15. PEMEL Efficiency trend
4.16. PEMEL-AWE效率趋势
5. 实例探究
5.1. Nel Asa.
5.2. Nel Overview
5.3. NEL 2020分析
5.4. Plug Power
5.5. Plug Power: Overview
5.6. PlugPower - Acquisitions and Partnerships
5.7. Plug Power developing its own supply chain
5.8. ITM权力
5.9. ITM权力: 'A transformational 2020'
5.10. 1GW PEM electrolyzer factory in Sheffield (UK)
5.11. ITM强烈参与人力资源部署
5.12。 ITM权力: Power-to-Gas and Gas-Grid projects
5.13。 ITM权力electrolyzers for industrial applications
5.14。 ITM权力- Linde joint venture
5.15. ITM电力项目
5.16. McPhy
5.17. 麦克利概述
5.18. From €18m to €198m Capital Increase
5.19. 麦克利的战略合作伙伴

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绿色氢生产: Electrolyzer Markets 2021-2031

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