Electric Vehicles Research
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Electric Vehicles Research
Postedon November 22, 2018 by &

120-kilowatt wireless charging for vehicles

Researchers at the Department of Energy'sOak Ridge National Laboratoryhave demonstrated a 120-kilowatt wireless charging system for vehicles—providing six times the power of previousORNLtechnology and a big step toward charging times that rival the speed and convenience of a gas station fill-up. For more information see the IDTechEx report onElectric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure 2019-2029.
The wireless system transfers 120 kilowatts of power with 97 percent efficiency, which is comparable to conventional, wired high-power fast chargers. In the laboratory demonstration, power was transferred across a six-inch air gap between two magnetic coils and charged abatterypack.
ORNL researchers created and demonstrated the world's first 20-kilowatt wireless charging system, which is being modified for applications such as commercial delivery trucks.
"It was important to maintain the same or smaller footprint as the previous demonstration to encourage commercial adoption,"项目领导说吠陀Galigekere ORNL的权力Electronics and Electric Machinery Group."We used finite element and circuit analyses to develop a novel co-optimization methodology, solving the issues of coil design while ensuring the system doesn't heat up or pose any safety issues, and that any loss of power during the transfer is minimal,"he said.
为了达到120千瓦,ORNL团队创建了一个new coil design co-optimized with the latest silicon carbide power electronic devices for a lightweight, compact system.
The system's architecture takes energy from the grid and converts it to high-frequencyalternating current, which generates a magnetic field that transfers power across a large air gap. Once the energy is transferred to the secondary coil, it is converted back to direct current and stored in a vehicle'sbatteries.
The demonstration advances DOE's extreme fast-charging goal to develop a system that delivers 350 to 400 kilowatts and reduces the charging time for electric vehicles to 15 minutes or less.
"This breakthrough significantly advances the technology needed to encourage greater adoption of electric vehicles by increasing their range and the ease of recharging, and in turn supports an energy-efficient mobility system for the nation's economic success,"said Moe Khaleel, associate laboratory director for Energy and Environmental Sciences at ORNL.
ORNL researchers will explore innovations to increase power transfer level to 200 and eventually 350 kilowatts, while refining dynamic wireless charging technology. A dynamic system enables the automatic charging of electric vehicles using wireless charging pads installed under roadways. Higher power charging systems are needed to minimize the cost and complexity of dynamic charging."The goal is dynamic charging at highway speeds,"Galigekere said.
Source and top image: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
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